The world that we humans share with animals is very, very vast – it’s teeming with biodiversity and newly-discovered creatures that live alongside animals who we’ve already been able to study, document, and observe in the wild for a long time now – after all, this planet is the very same environment where our own species went on to evolve and give rise to sentient humanity. Humans have made it their mission to leave no stone unturned, and now everything from the sea’s biggest fish to the planet’s smallest organism has a name and classification here on our planet. Here are some of the different habitats and geological environments which animals live in.
- Meadows, grasslands, fields and forests
Your average greenery-rich environment is usually home to butterflies, foxes, wild boar, wild dogs and cats, raccoons, squirrels, and a wide array of birds and insects. This type of environment is formed when the area doesn’t receive enough rain to form a forest, but receives just enough to be able to not become a desert – a perfect balance in the middle. Geographically, these are often found between deserts and forests.
- Drylands such as deserts, canyons, savannahs, valleys, and wastelands
These warm, sometimes barren pockets of wilderness are a natural habitat for a wide array of scorpions, spiders, rattlesnakes, bobcats, hyenas, vultures, lions, tigers, antelope, deer, elk, buffalo, primates, and many more. These drier and more humid climates are hostile for plant and vegetation life, with only specialized species of plants like cacti and other weeds thriving and surviving in the heat of the desert sun. Despite this warmth, it’s often cold and windy in the desert at night.
- Wetlands such as swamps, marshes, bogs, and wet meadows
Wetlands are areas of land that are usually covered by water all-yearlong (or at least for most of the year) – they’re often composed of plants and shrubbery that have adapted to the water-covered habitat, such as mangrove swamps, marshes, salt-loving shrubs, and herbaceous plants. This habitat is home to a variety of birds such as the wader, mallard, goose, ibis, duck, and heron. It’s also home to beavers, frogs, turtles, fish, insects, and otters.
- Rain forests
The rainforest ecosystem is found in humid areas, typically tropical locations such as South-Central America or South-East Asia. They are full of countless kinds of trees and plants, creating a thick layer of vegetation shrouding the land. It’s called a “rainforest” because these locations receive a large amount of rain every year, allowing for the plants to grow significantly. The rain forests are home to some of the world’s most diverse populations of animals. These include: monkeys, gorillas, sloths, tigers, jaguars, macaws, anacondas, and crocodiles.
Tundra lands are the coldest habitats on earth – these ecosystem are found in the Arctic, where snowfall covers most of the land all year long. This type of environment is threatened as climate change and human encroachment slowly dwindle the world’s tundras. Despite of this, the landscape is inhabited by polar bears, rabbits, goats, wolves, foxes, reindeer, seals, marmots, geese, and oxen.